Let's say it right now: the dandruff on hair is annoying, frustrating, and even embarrassing. And while it doesn't always come and go, it happens to get worse during the winter months-as if freezing temperatures weren't enough to complicate our lives.
In addition to the white flakes we are used to, dandruff on the hair can also cause other symptoms, such as greasy patches on the scalp (oily dandruff) and tingling (dry dandruff). Fortunately, it is a relatively common annoyance and easy to treat: let's find out how.
What is dandruff
La dandruff on hair is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis: it is a common condition that causes the desquamation of the scalp. It is not contagious or serious, but it can be very embarrassing; and, if not treated properly, it can last a long time.
Some unmistakable signs tell us that yes, what we are seeing is indeed dandruff:
- Scales of skin on the head, eyebrows, beard or mustache, and shoulders;
- Itchy scalp
- Greasy, dull hair.
Dandruff: causes and risk factors
Here are some common reasons why you might suffer from an itchy scalp and start noticing those pesky white flakes:
✔You don't shampoo enough and you have oily skin (oily dandruff). When you don't wash your skin properly, sebum builds up on your skin and can cause dandruff. This does not necessarily mean that you are not washing enough. It could be that you are not using an adequate dose of shampoo, or that the shampoo is not strong enough to break the barrier of grease that causes dandruff on the hair.
✔You have dry skin (dry dandruff). Dry skin is also one of the causes most common of the dandruff. If this is the cause of your dandruff, it may get worse in winter. In fact, during the cold months the skin becomes even drier.
✔It is an overgrowth of yeast Malassezia is a fungus (similar to yeast) that lives on the scalp and skin of all people, feeding on oils and sebum. In some cases, there is hyper-proliferation of the fungus, which can result in episodes of dandruff.
✔You are allergic to something The cause of your dandruff could also be an allergy or hyper-sensitivity to the products you use to care for your hair. If you notice any kind of scalp irritation, aggravated by itching or pain, after using a particular product, discontinue it and try to see how it goes.
✔Seborrheic dermatitis Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic condition that affects not only the scalp, but also other areas of the body where oil glands are present. This condition is characterized by dandruff and redness of the scalp, and appears similar to other common skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, or an allergic rush.
As you can see, the causes of dandruff are very varied. In addition, there are some factors that can make anyone more or less prone to suffer from it:
- Age. Dandruff usually begins in young adulthood and continues into middle age. Yet, for some people the problem can last a lifetime.
- Being men. Yep: dandruff is statistically more prevalent in males than in females.
- Some diseases. Parkinson's disease and other diseases affecting the nervous system seem to increase the risk of dandruff. The same is true for HIV or a weakened immune system.
How to get rid of dandruff
The itching and the desquamation of dandruff can almost always be controlled. To eliminate mild dandruff, first try changing your washing routine: do shampoo more regularly with a milder (if you have dry skin) or more intense (if you have oily skin) product, so as to reduce the buildup of sebum and dead skin cells.
If that doesn't help, try one specific shampoo against dandruff. The dandruff shampoo can be over-the-counter or require a prescription.
An excellent example of effective anti-dandruff shampoo and lotion, and which do not require a prescription, is the line Dandruff Control by Organics Pharm. These products are gentle and therefore suitable for any type of skin or hair; they are formulated using ingredients of organic and dynamic origin, and 100% organic, that is, completely free of chemical additives.
Dandruff Control Shampoo
It is a healing anti-dandruff shampoo that gently exfoliates without irritating and then naturally moisturizes. The presence of zinc and tea tree ensures the anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory function. The formulation is then enriched with:
- Neem oil, purifying and emollient.
- citrus essential oils, dermopurifying.
- Pentavitin®, the active ingredient that counteracts the formation of dandruff.
Dandruff Control Lotion
La anti-dandruff lotion It intensifies the action of the shampoo. In fact, it is a no-rinse lotion with excellent moisturizing and emollient properties. Not only that, but it is also an excellent anti-itch and anti-bacterial.
Simply pass it over the scalp, after applying shampoo and conditioner, and massage for a few minutes-the gentle massage helps the product penetrate the scalp to enjoy all the benefits of the essential oils.